Guanajuato has witnessed many important events in the history of Mexico. Strolling around its streets takes you back in time to the independence era. You can also walk through the underground tunnels that connect one side of the city to the other, and in the numerous plazas you can enjoy the city's peaceful atmosphere.
Other magnificent places to visit, during your architectonical tour, may include the Juarez theater, (the start point for the famous "Callejoneadas," and the main location of the Cervantino International Festival), also the Hidalgo Marketplace (great not only because of its beautiful architecture but also an excellent choice when shopping for local art).
Known as "The Gateway to Mexico", Guanajuato has been a UNESCO World Heritage Site since 1988, because it "represents a masterpiece of human creative genius and exhibits an important interchange of human values through time", mainly due to the developments in architecture. Guanajuato has outstanding examples of colonial architecture, and illustrates a significant stage in the history of Mexico.
Founded by the Spaniards in the early 16th century, Guanajuato became a World leader in the extraction of silver during the 18th century. Thanks to this wealth, many imposing buildings were financed and constructed throughout the city. The predominant architectural styles in Guanajuato are Baroque and Neoclassical, outstanding examples being the churches of La Compania and La Valenciana, considered among the most beautiful in Latin America.
Guanajuato's grand past can also be appreciated through its famous subterranean streets, which were once underground tunnels that received and carried water from the forest to the outskirts of Guanajuato. This system of tunnels creates a magical atmosphere in downtown Guanajuato, with streets uncrowded by traffic.